Puppies are amazing creatures that want nothing more than to please their owners. They can be a lot of work, but it is worth the trouble. Staying on top of these tasks should make caring for your furry friends much more manageable.
If you’re ready to take on the challenges of caring for a puppy, there are some things you should know ahead of time!
The diet is one of the most important aspects to take care of in your puppies. But, first, you need to learn how to pick out suitable food for your puppy and what signs will show you they’re not getting everything their body needs from it.
Dogs are usually omnivores, but their natural diet is not always the same as that of humans. So you want to give them at least two or three protein sources in one meal so they can get all the amino acids they need. The simplest way would be meat and eggs because it’s easy for dogs to digest these proteins compared with legumes that have many fibers. It also contains nutrients like iron, vitamin B12, zinc, and magnesium.
If your pup does well on chicken, you’ll probably do fine with most meats (turkey, pork); if it has cysts/stones, though, you should avoid giving him fish or too much beef to avoid developing bladder stones. Some vets suggest limiting the amount of protein a dog eats to control the development of cysts, but it’s more likely that they have an excess rather than a lack.
Many people feed their dogs with dry food because it is easy and convenient. Unfortunately, this type of diet contains many calories, which lead to obesity if not appropriately controlled. Dogs usually require between 300kcal/day (0-12 months old) or 400kcal/day (over 12 months). It depends on the size or breed. Please make sure you look at your pup’s weight regularly so you can adjust his caloric intake accordingly. For example, small species could eat up to 50% less compared to large breeds. Therefore, you should feed them twice as much per day.
A healthy puppy needs a lot of attention from its owners. For example, you need to feed them three times per day and always have fresh water available. They also require plenty of exercise outside or walking around your neighborhood for about an hour each day.
In addition, you should take them out to do their business every couple of hours throughout the day so that they don’t have accidents in the house when you aren’t looking. You must do these activities regularly because it helps ensure good behavior and discipline with puppies and prevent any “accidents” inside, leading to bad habits such as chewing things when left alone in the home unattended over long periods.
It would help if you vaccinated your puppies against the following diseases:
- Canine parvovirus
- Adenovirus type II
- Parainfluenza virus
The interval between vaccinations is usually every three to four weeks until 16 weeks for distemper and parvo, eighteen weeks for adenovirus II. So the first vaccine will not protect your dog immediately, but it will be okay within two to three weeks.
A second vaccination one month later will provide complete protection. Many veterinarians then recommend yearly revaccinations after that point. However, some people opt for a blood test that can detect antibodies in older animals with previous vaccinations to avoid over-vaccinating them with more frequent vaccine administration.
Puppies need to learn to be good citizens just as much as children do. For dogs to live in harmony with other dogs and humans, they must know how to walk on a leash without pulling, sit when asked, come running every time you call them, even if another dog calls first, or a squirrel runs by; the list goes on.
Training puppies begins before your puppy leaves the breeder’s home. The breeder usually trains the puppies from birth to learn and understand many of these basics at eight weeks old. You should start this process right away after bringing your new pup into your home, but please know that it takes several months until your puppy can reliably obey all your commands and can be trusted off-leash. Training begins by simply ensuring that you meet your pup’s basic needs.
Pets should not be left alone all day; they need time to exercise and play with you, as well as potty breaks every few hours or so throughout the day. Next comes housetraining. Housetraining is a relatively straightforward process but does take patience on both your part and theirs-it can sometimes take weeks before pups get this one down pat.
If you’re a new puppy owner, then playtime is one of the essential parts of your day. Remember that dogs need to get energy out by playing and running around. A tired dog is a happy dog! On the other hand, puppies are full of high spirits, so it’s up to the owners to create some fun games or activities for them.
Some examples include chasing laser lights/flashlights, fetching things such as balls, frisbees, or stuffed animals, and taking walks in an area where they can run freely without getting into trouble. Also, remember to keep all playtime sessions under 20 minutes.
This is just a guideline of what you can do during your puppy’s time, but don’t be afraid to get creative. Remember that the most important thing about playing with your dog is staying active and having fun together. An adult should always supervise the playtime in case anything goes wrong.
If, at any point, it looks like either one of you is getting tired or bored, then stop immediately before someone gets hurt or feels wrong. Always end on a high note; otherwise, both sides will feel upset if they don’t get their fill of fun.
Interactions With People and Other Dogs
While your puppy is very young, you should not allow the puppy to interact with other dogs or children. It may sound like an odd statement but think about it from a developmental perspective; puppies learn lifelong social skills during the first 16 weeks of their lives. If they are learning bad habits (and potentially dangerous ones), those behaviors can plague them throughout their lives.
You should handle interactions with people in much the same way as other dogs: short and sweet. Puppies need time to develop trust and confidence, so any human interaction must be positive and fun for the dog. Take care not to overwhelm your pup by allowing too many people at once into its space because this could quickly become overwhelming.
Puppies are often referred to as “blank slates” since they have no pre-existing behaviors. They use you and their environment for socialization, so all interactions must be upbeat and fun. Puppies learn by association, so they will be more likely to repeat behaviors that result in praise or treats than those which do not, making it very important for owners to only allow the best interactions with other dogs and people early on in life.
It is also a good idea for puppies who live in households where children spend time around them even if they aren’t allowed to interact directly. Children can become like surrogate siblings providing your puppy with peer playmates while you’re busy caring for him at home.
You must continue to learn about your pups and how they grow. It can be a lot of fun, but it will also help you when mistakes happen. If something doesn’t go as expected, then at least you know what not to do next time. For example, if things don’t seem right with the pup, look for signs of illness early enough so that treatment can become effective (e.g., antibiotics).
You should always consult with an experienced breeder or veterinarian who knows these dogs before making any decisions about their health care. This dog requires particular consideration because it has some unique needs in terms of diet and exercise due to its size and temperament.